Domitian (Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus)  51-96 A.D. 

"His cruelties were not only excessive, but subtle and unexpected." 

C. Suetonius Tranquillus 

Domitian was Roman emperor from A.D. 81 to 96.  The younger son of T. Flavius Vespasianus, Domitian was forever

in the shadow of his illustrious and charming older brother, Titus.  Unlike Titus, Domitian was taciturn and

distrustful, and for years suffered slights at the hands of his father, who never entrusted him with military commands

or high offices.  With the sudden death of Titus after only a two year reign, Domitian became emperor and exercised

his power in despotic fashion, demanding he be addressed as “Our Master and Our God.”  He quickly earned the

hatred of the Senate by ignoring even the pretense of honoring their counsel.  On 18 September 96, Domitian was murdered while reading a report in his chambers.  The conspiracy to assassinate the emperor was alleged to have been orchestrated by Domitia Longina, the emperor’s wife. 


Agricola (Gnaeus Julius Agricola) 40-93 A.D.

"I have often heard Agricola say that Ireland could be reduced and held by a single legion and a few auxiliaries."

Gauis Cornelius Tacitus (historian and son-in-law to Agricola) 


Agricola was a Roman general celebrated for his successful military campaigns in Britain.  In the Roman civil war of

A.D. 69 he declared for Vespasian, who appointed him to a command in Britain from A.D. 71-74.  After serving as governor of the province of Aquitania from A.D. 74 to 77 in what is today southwestern France, Agricola returned to Britain as governor.  During two campaigns, he conquered northern Wales, including the island of Mona, and

completed the conquest of northern England. In his third campaign, Agricola advanced into Scotland, winning a

pitched battle against the clans of the Highlands in A.D. 83.  The object of these campaigns was ostensibly to

safeguard the conquered English lowlands.  In A.D. 84, Domitian ordered Agricola back to Rome.  Tacitus claims Domitian recalled Agricola because the general’s successes in Britannia outshone the Emperor’s in Germania. 

Whether or not Agricola invaded Ireland is open to debate.

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